The thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland that is located at the front of the neck, is one of the most important glands in the body. Smooth thyroid function ensures the smooth release of hormones that are crucial for regulating some of the body's most basic activities. It is part of the endocrine system, which is made up of glands that produce, store, and release hormones into the bloodstream so the hormones can reach the body's cells.
The pituitary gland and hypothalamus both control the thyroid's functioning. When hormone levels drop too low, the hypothalamus secretes TSH Releasing Hormone (TRH), which alerts the pituitary to produce thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).
The thyroid responds to this chain of events by producing more hormones.
Iodine is one of the main building blocks of both hormones. Our bodies can’t produce this trace element, so we need to get enough of it in our diet. Iodine is absorbed into our bloodstream from food in our bowel. It is then carried to the thyroid gland, where it is eventually used to make thyroid hormones.
Thyroid disorders can include a wide range of issues such as goitre, which is inflammation of the thyroid, or nodular goitre, where the thyroid nodules become enlarged. Another common thyroid disease is graved disease, an autoimmune disorder that causes hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid. In this condition, the immune system attacks the thyroid and causes it to make more thyroid hormone than your body needs.
Thyroid issues can usually be discovered with a simple blood test, that shows the levels of thyroid stimulating hormone TSH in the blood.
Excess of thyroid hormone in the body can cause irregular heart rate issues.
If you are suffering from thyroid disorders or require thyroid medication, be sure to visit Gaia Pharmacy or call us on +917775058199.
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